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    SENIOR MODERATOR Gonjeeshk's Avatar

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    Islamic Republic of Iran Navy

    Islamic Republic of Iran Navy

    Everyone can post here, anything to do with the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy.

    Iran Navy

    INTRODUCTION

    The Islamic Republic of Iran Navy (IRI Navy) is the smallest of the armed forces in Iran. It is tasked primarily with the defence of the Iranian coastline and its ports.

    HISTORY

    The IRI Navy originated from the former-Imperial Iranian Navy. Prior to 1971, the Iranian naval fleet was composed primarily of vessels manufactured in the United Kingdom and United States. In the eight years after this, Iran purchased a number of modern vessels manufactured by the same countries, including frigates and destroyers, as well as smaller vessels; with the intention of expanding the reach of the navy into the Indian Ocean. However, this aim was never achieved, due to the effects of the Iranian Revolution in 1979 and the Iran-Iraq war between 1980 and 1988.

    Following the revolution, it was re-established as the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy. Since then, sanctions put in place by the US have prevented it from acquiring any new, American-built vessels, including those which had already been commissioned.

    During the 1990s, the navy received a number of new vessels from Russia, China and North Korea. In the same decade, it took part in exercises with both India and Pakistan.

    The IRI Navy suffered extensive losses during the Iran-Iraq war, with many ships and smaller vessels being damaged or sunk. Further losses ensued when the US began to provide escorts for Kuwaiti oil tankers, in 1987 and 1988. Iran lost the Iran Ajr, a minelayer, to US forces in 1987. In 1988, the IRI Navy almost sank the USS Samuel B Roberts. In retaliation, the US sank two Iranian ships, the Sahand and Joshan, as well as a number of smaller Iranian vessels.

    PRESENT

    The IRI Navy currently consists of approximately 28,000 personnel.

    It has 65 aircraft in addition to 5 frigates, 3 corvettes, 24 fast attack craft and 98 large patrol craft. It also has more than 100 light missile boats and 13 hovercraft. It is estimated that the IRI Navy has over 250 small patrol craft for use on the coastal and inshore waters. It currently has 13 submarines of various types. The IRI Navy has three Russian-made SSK Kilo-class submarines; as well as a number of smaller, Nahang and Ghadir-class, submarines. These provide support for the navy’s other vessels.

    The IRI Navy uses a variety of different ports and facilities around the country. Its main headquarters are located at Bandar-e Abbas, but there are also a number of other important bases and facilities, including Bandar Beheshti, Bandar-e Anzali and Bushehr.

    Many of the vessels in the Iranian naval fleet are ageing. Iran’s three destroyers are all more than 50 years old and they are kept in reserve. The largest active ships are the frigates and corvettes. The navy still retains a number of other, older vessels, including: three frigates that are more than 25 years old, and three corvettes which are more than 30 years old. Some of these vessels have been updated with new equipment.

    A lot of the older equipment belonging to the navy was constructed by American and British manufacturers, prior to the revolution. The current modernisation of the IRI Navy is primarily based on new acquisitions of equipment from North Korea, China and Russia.

    The modern Islamic Republic of Iran Navy aims to expand and modernise itself. Iran has also worked on improving the security and defences of its ports. New acquisitions made by the navy include three Kilo-class submarines from Russia, and ten Chinese Houdong fast attack vessels. More recently, Iran has been developing a domestic manufacturing industry in order to produce its own naval vessels, including submarines. These include: the Iranian-built Al Sabiha 15, Nahang and Ghadir classes. Other Iranian-built vessels in the navy include: the frigates Moudge I and Moudge II, and the Sina-class missile boats Peykan and Joshan.

    The IRI Navy’s focus for the future is on the development of new frigates and corvettes, and on the acquisition of more fast, medium to large, modern vessels. The current core of the naval fleet are its small missile boats, which include five Chinese-built, Cat 14 fast attack boats, which were acquired more recently.

    The navy also includes marines and special forces called Takavaran.

    Iran is one of the few nations in the Persian Gulf to have a naval air arm: the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy Aviation. This branch of the IRI Navy mainly consists of a number of older, American-built aircraft; mostly dating from the 1960s and 1970s. It also has some more recently-built, European aircraft.

    The aircraft inventory includes: Agusta Bell AB 205As, AB 206s and AB 212ASWs; Agusta Sikorsky ASH-3D Sea Kings and Sikorsky RH-53D Sea Stallions.

    Since 2000, the air arm has received a small number of new aircraft, in the form of Mil Mi-17 helicopters, from Russia.

    In addition to its helicopters, the navy also operates aeroplanes. These include: Shrike Commanders, Dassault Falcon 20Es and Fokker F27 Mk 400Ms and Mk 600s.

    Leadership

    The Commander-in-Chief of the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy is the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei.

    The Commander of the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy is appointed by the Supreme Leader. The current commander is Admiral Habibollah Sayyari.

    SUPPORT

    The IRI Navy has participated in naval exercises with a number of other countries. It has also taken part in joint exercises with the Islamic Republic of Iran Army and the Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force.

    The navy has also sent warships into the Gulf of Aden to help tackle the piracy problem in this region, although it has not worked in conjunction with the other countries that are conducting anti-piracy operations in the area.

    Iran Navy

    See also:
    Post 21 at: Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
    Last edited by Gonjeeshk; 02-16-2012 at 04:11 PM.

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    SENIOR MODERATOR Gonjeeshk's Avatar

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    Kilo Class submarine.


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    SENIOR MODERATOR Gonjeeshk's Avatar

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    Ghadir Class Midget Submarine

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    THURSDAY, AUGUST 5, 2010

    Ghadir class submarine construction

    Photos of a Ghadir class submarine under construction at a Bandar Abbas shipyard, August 2010.

    Uskowi on Iran -


    Bow view of what may be Ghadir class hull number 949


    Stern view, displaying its assymetrical/skewed propeller design

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    SENIOR MODERATOR Gonjeeshk's Avatar

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    Kaman Fast Attack Missile Boat
    Sina Fast Attack Missile Boat


    Iran purchased 12 Combattante II missile boats from France, seeing them delivered between 1974 and 1981. These 275 ton displacement boats, officially named Kaman in Iranian service, have a top speed of 37.5 knots. They represented some of Iran's most modern vessels of Western origin. Two were lost in combat, one to Iraqi forces in 1980 and another to US forces in 1988.

    The main armament of these ships was in the form of a four round missile launcher and a 76mm OTO-Melara automatic cannon. The anti-ship missiles were originally the RGM-84 Harpoon, but have since been replaced by the locally produced Noor, a license produced copy of the Chinese C-802 missile.

    These missile boats remained an important part of the Iranian naval forces as of 2008, and had led to earlier developments announced in 2003 to develop a locally produced version. The first of these Sina Class missile boats, essentially locally produced Iranian versions of the Kaman, standard with C-802 missiles and an improved fire control radar, entered service in 2006. Iran had two of these boats in service by 2008, with another in production. These boats appear identical to the modified Kamans with the exception of the radar radome.

    The Sina "frigate" at 350 tons is not a frigate in the commonly used meaning of that word. The "Sina-1" is in service; it is a near duplication of the old La Combattante II's Iran operates; but from the outset with Chinese C-801 missiles, Chinese diesels, and less elaborate EW systems.

    The first SINA class boat, Peykan, became operational in 2006 followed by a second unit, Joshan. Reverse engineered Combattante-II (Kaman class) boats the only obvious external difference is the main radar. The Iranian military displayed its latest Patrol Torpedo (PT) boats in connection with the August 2006 war games and exercises. Both new versions of "Joshan P225 FAC(M)" and "Peykan P224 FAC(M)" have been re-built in memory of the original "KAMAN CLASS" FAC(M) "Peykan" and "Joshan" which lost in Persian Gulf during 1980-88 war against Iraq.

    Patrol Torpedo (PT) boats are small naval vessels that have been used effectively to attack larger warships. These types of ships could be a threat to the US strike groups deploying in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea. Naval Commander Kouchaki told Fars News Agency (FNA) that: "Joshan [a new Iranian PT boat] enjoys the world's latest technology, specially with regard to its military, electrical and electronic systems, frame and chassis, and it has the capabilities required for launching powerful missiles."

    Iranian sources claim that "Similar to Iran's first PT boat 'Peykan', 'Joshan' also has a speed of over 45 sea knots which makes it even faster than the same generation of PT boats manufactured by other countries" [Western sources credit these vessels with a speed of about 35 knots]. The vessel is capable of using various missiles and rockets with a range beyond 100 km [60 miles], high maneuverability power that helps it to escape torpedoes, and enploys the most advanced sea shell of the world called 'Fajr'." The 76mm-caliber shell, which only Iran, the United States, and Italy can manufacture, of the new Iranian PT boat also enjoys a wide variety of military capabilities and can hit sea and air targets within the range of 19 km or 23 thousand feet in distance, respectively.

    The second Iranian build Fast Attack Craft (Missile) or FAC(M) officially become operational in the Caspian Sea in September 2006. The newly built Iranian Navy "Joshan P225 FAC(M)" "joined "Peykan P224 FAC(M)" at sea and in background to shots on TV during naval exercise near base.

    Kaman/Sina Class

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    Specifications (Combattante II/Kaman Class)

    Physical
    Displacement (Empty) 249 metric tons
    Displacement (Full Load) 275 metric tons
    Length 47 m
    Beam 7.1 m
    Draft 1.9 m
    Crew 31

    Performance
    Speed 36 knots
    Range 700 nm at 33.7 knots

    Armament
    Gun 1 76mm in single mount
    1 40mm automatic cannon in single mount
    2 12.7mm machine guns in single mounts
    Missile 2 double launchers for RGM-84 Harpoon SSM (Removed by 1995)
    2 double launchers for C-802/Noor SSM (Refit 2000)


    Specifications (Sina Class)
    Physical
    Displacement 300 tons
    Length 47 m
    Beam 7.1 m
    Draft 1.9 m
    Crew 31

    Performance
    Speed 35 knots

    Armament
    Gun 1 76mm in single mount
    1 40mm automatic cannon in single mount
    2 12.7mm machine guns in single mounts
    Missile 2 double launchers for C-802/Noor SSM


    Kaman/Sina Class

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    SENIOR MODERATOR Gonjeeshk's Avatar

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    Sina Class missile boat


  10. #9
    ADMINISTRATOR Kermanshahan's Avatar

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    I haven't really updated it in quite a while though...
    East Kurdistan is still Iranian, all of Kurdistan will be Iranian again.

  11. #10
    SENIOR MODERATOR Gonjeeshk's Avatar

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    That's great Kermanshahan. The only criticism, is that it is too small.

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